As at 22 May 2017, there were around 7500 asylum seekers living in the community who were yet to lodge their application for refugee status.

They are among the so-called legacy caseload who arrived in Australia by boat between 13 August 2012 and 1 January 2014.

As a result of the 'no advantage' policy which came into effect in 2012, more than 30,000 asylum seekers were left in limbo, living in the community but without any means of applying for refugee status. Most were unable to present their claim for asylum until relatively recently, with some waiting more than four years for the opportunity to lodge their application. 

Of the 30,500 asylum seekers who make up the 'legacy caseload', 23,000 have applied for a protection visa. 

Among the 7500 yet to lodge their application are families with children, single adult men and women, and unaccompanied minors. They are from a range of countries including Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (Burma) and Somalia. Nearly 1200 of the 7500 are stateless, with no country recognising them as citizens. This includes a significant cohort who are Rohingya.